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Showing posts from August, 2020


We have great pleasure in presenting The College Study for the students worldwide. It is concise, comprehensive and dependable. This website is intended to serve as complete and self-contained work on essays, paragraphs, speeches, articles, study helping notes, history, letters, stories, grammar, quotes, applications, information technology, media, science, and miscellaneous topics. It should also serve as a handy compendium for all graduate and post-graduate college students. In preparation of this website, the authors have been guided by the following considerations:

That the language should be simple, idiomatic, clear and straightforward.
That the presentation of ideas should be easy and comprehension for the students concerned.
That it covers a large number of topics so that with the suitable adjustment you could be used this content for various purposes.
That the presentation of the website should be methodical and help the students to cultivate the habit of forming their own ideas with the help of given topics here.


The Barmakides have been one of the most talented and versatile families that have lived in the world of Islam. They have been, to a great extent, responsible for the glorious reign of the Abbaside Caliph, Haroon ar-Rashid, which has been immortalized by the famous Arabian Nights. The glory that was Baghdad, its cultural and literary life, was due to the Barmakides’ munificence and patronage, which has few parallels in living history. Yahya bin Khalid Barmaki came into prominence during the reign of the Abbaside Caliph, Mansoor, who appointed him in 744–75 A.C. , Governor of Azerbaijan. Three years later, he was appointed the tutor of young Haroon who later became the Viceroy of the Western half of the Empire, lying West of the Euphrates. Yahya was placed at the head of his Chancery. After the death of Mehdi in August 785 , Yahya gave his protege Haroon the wise advice to retire voluntarily in favor of his elder brother, whereupon Musa was acknowledged as Caliph with the title of Al H


On the death of the Umayyad Caliph, Abdul Malik, known as the Charlemagne of the Arabs, in 705 A.C. , his highly talented son, Waleed, succeeded him. In Waleed’s reign, the Arab rule was extended to its farthest limits which included Spain and Southern France in the West, Sind, Baluchistan, and Southern Punjab in the East and Transoxjana and Turkistan in the North. Three of the greatest Muslim conquerors, namely, Tariq, Qasim, and Qutaiba, swept away all resistance encountered in these lands. Waleed was born in 651 A.C. He was brought up amidst the growing luxury and aristocracy of the House of Umayyad. He had developed an artistic taste from his childhood which led him to become the greatest builder of the Umayyad dynasty that ruled in Damascus. Hardly 54 at the time, he brought to his high office the aristocratic outlook and religious fervor scarcely known among his predecessors. Waleed’s reign is known as the golden period of the Umayyad Caliphate distinguished for its all-round p


The Durbar Hall of the Mughal Emperor Jahangir was packed to its capacity. The Emperor was seated on his golden throne studded with precious stones, placed on a raised marble platform, attended by his Ministers and Courtiers flanking the passage leading to the Throne. All eyes were directed impatiently towards the entrance. The Emperor had summoned to his presence a person known as a dangerous religious reformer. At the appointed hour a slim and lanky person in the attire of a dervish advanced in measured steps towards the Throne. All eyes turned towards him till he reached the Throne and did not make the customary obeisance of kissing the floor before the Emperor, whereupon the Vizier standing beside the Emperor cried out : “Make obeisance and kiss the floor. You are in the august presence of Emperor Jahangir.” “No” , replied the visitor firmly. “This head which bows before Almighty God can never bow before any mortal.” A wave of resentment swept the audience and after a few cross que


The 18th century was a period of extreme decadence of Muslim power in India. On the death of the great Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb in 1707 , had started the disintegration of his vast dominions embracing the whole of the Indian subcontinent. His successors were too weak to arrest the process of decadence and disruption besetting it. Not only the Muslim political power had rapidly declined and was soon at its lowest ebb but also their economic, religious, and cultural life showed signs of extreme degeneration. The central power which held together with the opposing groups and shielded their weakness was itself breaking up. The social contacts with the Hindus gave vogue to many whimsical and un-Islamic customs which struck at the root of the fundamentals of Islam and slowly weakened its hold in India. In such a disruptive and gloomy atmosphere was born Shah Waliullah, a great intellectual reformer, whose teachings paved the way for the renaissance of Islam in India, both in religious and p